- Fundamentals of Turkish phonology.
- Simple sentence structures, grammar exercises.
- Vocabulary relevant to basic communicative needs of students.
- Analysis of complex sentence structures.
- Extended vocabulary which aims to provide the basic skills of reading articles and essays written in Turkish.
Tuesday, 11 November 2014
Monday, 8 February 2010
Technical Specifications 3GPP TS 05.10 and TS 45.010 describe the TA value adjustment procedures. The TA value is normally between 0 and 63, with each step representing an advance of one bit period (approximately 3.69 microseconds). With radio waves traveling at about 300,000,000 meters per second (that is 300 meters per microsecond), one TA step then represents a change in round-trip distance (twice the propagation range) of about 1,100 meters. This means that the TA value changes for each 550-meter change in the range between a mobile and the base station. This limit of 63 × 550 meters is the maximum 35 kilometers that a device can be from a base station and is the upper bound on cell placement distance.
A continually adjusted TA value avoids interference to and from other users in adjacent timeslots, thereby minimizing data loss and maintaining Mobile QoS (call quality).
Timing Advance is significant for privacy and communications security, as its combination with other variables can allow GSM localization to find the device's position and tracking the mobile phone user.
The current limitation on the range of a GSM cell site to 35km is mandated by the duration of the standard timeslots defined in the GSM specification. The maximum distance is given by the maximum time that the signal from the mobile/BTS needs to reach the receiver of the mobile/BTS on time to be successfully heard. At the air interface the delay between the transmission of the downlink (BTS) and the uplink (mobile) has an offset of 3 timeslots. Until now the mobile station has used a timing advance to compensate for the propagation delay as the distance to the BTS changes. The timing advance values are coded by 6 bits, which gives the theoretical maximum BTS/mobile separation as 35km.
By implementing the Extended Range feature, the BTS is able to receive the uplink signal in two adjacent timeslots instead of one. When the mobile station reaches its maximum timing advance, i.e. maximum range, the BTS expands its hearing window with an internal timing advance that gives the necessary time for the mobile to be heard by the BTS even from the extended distance. This extra advance is the duration of a single timeslot, a 156 bit period.
Quoted from Wiki
Friday, 5 February 2010
Quoted from Wiki
Monday, 11 January 2010
MediaTek's customers do not receive rights to any of Qualcomm's patents and such customers will need to obtain a separate license from Qualcomm in order to receive rights to any of Qualcomm's patents. Qualcomm's customers do not receive rights to any of MediaTek's patents and such customers will need to obtain a separate license from MediaTek in order to receive rights to any of MediaTek's patents. The remainder of the terms of the arrangement are confidential.
MediaTek Inc. is a leading fabless semiconductor company for wireless communications and digital multimedia solutions. The company is a market leader and pioneer in cutting-edge SOC system solutions for wireless communications, high-definition TV, optical storage, DVD and Blu-ray products. Founded in 1997 and listed on Taiwan Stock Exchange under the code "2454", MediaTek is headquartered in Taiwan and has sales and research subsidiaries in Mainland China, Singapore, India, U.S., Japan, Korea, Denmark and England. For more information, please visit
MediaTek's website at www.mediatek.com.
Qualcomm Incorporated (Nasdaq: QCOM) is a leader in developing and delivering innovative digital wireless communications products and services based on CDMA and other advanced technologies. Headquartered in San Diego, Calif., Qualcomm is included in the S&P 100 Index, the S&P 500 Index and is a 2009 FORTUNE 500® company. For more information,
please visit www.qualcomm.com.
Qualcomm Forward-Looking StatementsExcept for the historical information contained herein, this news release contains forward-looking statements that are subject to risks and uncertainties, including the Company's ability to successfully design and have manufactured significant quantities of CDMA components on a timely and profitable basis, the extent and speed to which CDMA is deployed, change in economic conditions of the various markets the Company serves, as well as the other risks detailed from time to time in the Company's SEC reports, including the report on Form 10-K for the year ended September 27, 2009, and most recent Form 10-Q.
Quoted from qualcomm news
Monday, 3 December 2007
fring offers benefits previously enjoyed only on a PC and empowers you to truly go mobile. You can make cheap international and local mobile internet calls, see who’s online before dialing with contact availability icons, live chat instead of SMS, chat in multiple conversations simultaneously, view conversation history and more! Plus, you can take all your fring, Skype, Google Talk, ICQ, MSN Messenger and Twitter buddies mobile and view them alongside your regular phone contacts, from one integrated and searchable contact list.
As fring automatically roams between WiFi and 3G networks, you can effortlessly login to recognized WiFi hotspots, smoothly gaining access to the best available network for optimal call quality and savings wherever you are.
fring bypasses traditional mobile voice and SMS text messaging services by utilizing the mobile handset’s native internet connection. fring does not require any dedicated hardware or airtime and works with phones purchased through any mobile operator.
Thursday, 22 November 2007
LONDON -- Nortel will deploy a new ultra long haul optical network across Europe to enable Verizon to meet the increasing network demands of its service provider and large enterprise customers and deliver high-bandwidth services like video and online gaming.
The multi-million dollar deal includes a Nortel Metro Ethernet Networking solution that will support Verizon’s planned introduction of 10G services and the emerging 40G services that may be introduced in the future.
“Verizon has taken a bold, forward-looking approach to building out its network,” said Philippe Morin, president, Metro Ethernet Networks, Nortel. “It provides the ability to deliver the bandwidth capacity that service providers and businesses require today and the critical ability to evolve seamlessly to 40G when needed.”
“Of course the true beneficiaries are the end users who will gain unrestricted access to new, high-bandwidth services and applications, such as video, advanced business services and multimedia communications. This development also supports the coming megatrend of Hyperconnectivity, where every device that should be connected to the network, will be connected.”
The new network will carry more than 80% of Verizon’s European network traffic and will be deployed across multiple countries, including the United Kingdom, France, Belgium, Germany and the Netherlands.
In addition to providing increased bandwidth, the new next-generation, ultra-long haul optical network allows Verizon to reduce costs as it simplifies network operations and requires less equipment.
Nortel is the sole supplier of the Adaptive, All Optical Solution and Nortel Global Services is assisting with the deployment to provide a turnkey solution for Verizon that will include integration into existing management systems and Network Operation Center facilities.
The new Verizon optical network is based on the Optical Multiservice Edge 6500, a next-generation optical convergence platform. The solution also features Nortel's unique electronic Dynamically Compensating Optics (eDCO), which simplifies networking by extending 40G wavelengths over thousands of kilometers without requiring dispersion compensation modules, greatly simplifying the network.Verizon is also using the Common Photonic Layer (CPL) which will enable migration to a more agile, adaptive, all optical intelligent network. Nortel’s Reconfigurable Optical Add/Drop Multiplexing (ROADM) technology is also included in the solution to make it easy to add and route new services, resulting in a more cost-effective, reliable infrastructure. In addition, the Nortel Optical Network Manager will provide the required operations, administration and management for the new network.
Sunday, 18 November 2007
Pitch spelling algorithm is the process of assigning appropriate pitch names that are consistent with the key context to numeric representations of pitch, such as, MIDI or pitch class numbers.
They introduce two new notions of approximate matching with application in computer assisted music analysis and also present algorithms for each notion of approximation: for approximate string matching and for computing approximate squares.
-Chew and Chen
The algorithm is spiral array model.